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7 Doctor-Approved Ways to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation



7 Doctor-Approved Ways to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation7 Doctor-Approved Ways to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation

If you’re concerned about dark spots due to hyperpigmentation on your skin, one thing is clear: there are more options than ever before to erase that harmless but annoying discoloration.

What is hyperpigmentation? This is any area of ​​skin that appears darker than your natural skin tone because the brown pigment melanin is produced in excess. As noted by the Cleveland Clinic, hyperpigmentation can be seen in liver spots (or age spots) and sun spots.

4 factors that can cause hyperpigmentation
According to the Cleveland Clinic, these are the most common causes of hyperpigmentation and affect people of all skin tones to varying degrees.

1. inflammation
Skin injuries such as pimples, eczema, insect bites, cuts, scrapes, even scratches or rubbing, such as from hard friction, can cause inflammation. Inflammation, in turn, can lead to an overload of pigment-producing cells, leaving a dark patch after the injury heals. When the cause of discoloration is inflammation, it is often referred to as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

2. Exposure to the sun
According to the Mayo Clinic, the sun’s ultraviolet rays cause additional melanin production as a way of protecting the skin from damage. This extra melanin gives you a tan. But when sun exposure is frequent or excessive, it can lead to dark spots. Although sunspots are not cancerous, according to the American Society for Dermatological Surgery, sun-exposed skin can develop precancerous spots that resemble sunspots. For this reason, it is important to have your skin checked by a dermatologist every year.

3. Melasma
Often referred to as the “mask of pregnancy,” melasma is characterized by brown patches that usually form in women with fluctuating hormone levels, such as during pregnancy. This type of hyperpigmentation is most common in women but can also occur in men. According to experts from the American College of Osteopathic Dermatology (AOCD), it is believed to be caused by sun exposure, genetic and hormonal changes, and the use of oral contraceptives. In addition, according to the Cleveland Clinic, other hormonal drugs used for birth control and menopausal symptoms can cause melasma, as well as other types of drugs discussed below.

4. Medical conditions or medications
Hyperpigmentation can be caused by Addison’s disease, an adrenal gland disorder that can increase melanin production. According to a book published by StatPearls in July 2022, certain medications, including antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and antimalarials, can increase the risk of hyperpigmentation. Some chemotherapy drugs can also cause temporary hyperpigmentation. Cancer connection. In the case of chemotherapy drugs, the associated dark spots usually disappear 10 to 12 weeks after the end of treatment as new skin cells replace the dead ones.

The Best Ways to Treat and Prevent Hyperpigmentation in the Future
Today there are many dark spot correctors to choose from, but it is equally important to approach them in advance. The following scientifically proven steps can help.


Keep Skin Moist to Boost Cell Turnover

While your primary goal for hyperpigmentation is to lighten dark spots, an effective over-the-counter moisturizer should contain ingredients that benefit your skin in other ways. “In addition to addressing pigmentation issues, a good product should contain moisturizers like glycerin or hyaluronic acid, and maybe even retinol to stimulate cell turnover,” says Doris J. Day, MD, clinical assistant professor of dermatology at NYU Medical. . New York school and author of Beyond the Beautiful: Using the Power of Your Mind and Aesthetic Achievement to Look Naturally Young and Radiant. “These inactive ingredients allow active clarifiers to work more effectively.”

A good moisturizer can also restore the skin’s lipid or oil barrier, helping new skin cells stay healthy as they rise to the surface in place of old ones, notes the University of Tennessee Medical Center.

Keep your hands away from insect bites, blackheads and other injuries.

As tempting as it is to scratch a mosquito bite or squeeze out a stubborn blackhead, remember your mother’s warning: “Don’t bite!” – and follow this advice. “Scratching and picking at the site will only increase the inflammation that causes skin discoloration,” says Janine Downey, MD, dermatologist and director of Image Dermatology in Montclair, New Jersey. “The more you play with him now, the worse he will look later.”

Explore OTC Whitening Options

Consider an Rx for Stubborn Skin Discoloration


If OTC remedies aren’t helping, it’s time to call in the pros. Dermatologists consider products with hydroquinone, alone or combined with other lighteners, to be the gold standard for fading dark spots because it slows the production of pigment. These are available by prescription, per the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). “It’s our go-to,” says Downie, “because unlike many of the ingredients in OTC products, it almost always works at eliminating hyperpigmentation.” Have your dermatologist closely monitor hydroquinone treatment, she adds, because in high concentrations hydroquinone can cause sun sensitivity and may bleach the skin.

In addition to hydroquinone, the AOCD notes that your dermatologist may prescribe other treatments, such as topical cortisone cream or tretinoin, a type of synthetic vitamin A.


Protect Your Skin From the Sun


The most effective way to prevent sun-induced discoloration is to diligently apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or greater, every day, even on cloudy or cool days. “UV rays just send the pigment into overdrive, turning dark spots darker,” says Dr. Day. “You must wear sunblock daily on exposed areas.”

SPF refers to protection from UVB short-wave rays only. To also protect against UVA long-wave rays, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises choosing a product that contains Mexoryl, Parsol 1789, titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, or avobenzone.

Additionally, the AAD recommends avoiding the outdoors between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., when the sun is strongest. You can also wear a wide-brimmed hat to protect your head, as well as your face, ears, and neck.


Ask a Dermatologist About High-Tech Options

going to dermatologist Hyperpigmentation

If topical solutions aren’t fixing the problem, you may want to talk to your dermatologist about more aggressive ways to banish discoloration, such as chemical peels, microdermabrasion, or dermabrasion, or, per the International Association for Physicians in Aesthetic Medicine, a laser resurfacing procedure. (Important note: If you have melasma, lasers are considered third-line treatments, as they have not been found to get rid of excess melanin production, according to a review published in March 2017 in the International Journal of Women’s Dermatology.


Other Steps to Prevent or Minimize Future Damage

gentle skin care products

Besides treatment and sun protection, there are other preventive measures you can take to minimize the onset of future dark spots. Stick to gentle skin-care products that don’t sting or burn, as irritation can worsen or trigger hyperpigmentation. Also, protect yourself against other common skin-darkening triggers by using acne medication to fight off pimples, as well as bug spray to prevent bites.

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13 Best Red Lipsticks for Dark Skin Beauties to Rock Any Look



13 Best Red Lipsticks for Dark Skin Beauties to Rock Any Look

Most women feel more confident, stylish, and chic by wearing red lipstick. After all, reds are known for their fierce nature and create stunning lip looks that no one can avoid. Those obsessed with this vibrant shade would love to explore the best red lipsticks for dark skin available on the market. 

Reds are one of the most versatile colors that look great on every skin tone, including darker skin tones. The right red shade aligns your skin complexion and tone, enhances your boldness, and brings out your inner charm. The new-age red lipsticks for dark-skin beauties that are available today are designed in such a way that the shade compliments the complexion without looking gaudy. From deep red to burgundy, we have a wide range of red shades to choose from. 
Based on our first-hand experience, we have curated a list of the best red lipstick for dark skin tones that will empower your beauty in a few swipes.

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13 Best Red Lipsticks for Dark Skin Beauties to Rock Any Look

Best Red Lipsticks for Dark Skin Beauties

The products curated for this article are independently chosen by the editorial team. If you make a purchase through the links mentioned below, we may receive a commission. Check out our product research & curation process

Most women feel more confident, stylish, and chic by wearing red lipstick. After all, reds are known for their fierce nature and create stunning lip looks that no one can avoid. Those obsessed with this vibrant shade would love to explore the best red lipsticks for dark skin available on the market. 

Reds are one of the most versatile colors that look great on every skin tone, including darker skin tones. The right red shade aligns your skin complexion and tone, enhances your boldness, and brings out your inner charm. The new-age red lipsticks for dark-skin beauties that are available today are designed in such a way that the shade compliments the complexion without looking gaudy. From deep red to burgundy, we have a wide range of red shades to choose from. 
Based on our first-hand experience, we have curated a list of the best red lipstick for dark skin tones that will empower your beauty in a few swipes.


13 Best Red Lipsticks for Dark Skin for Charismatic Lip LooksHow to Pick a Red Lipstick for Dark Skin Tone?Which Red Shade Will Look Good on You?Tips to Apply the Best Red Lipstick for Dark Skin ToneFAQ’sWhy Trust Pinkvilla




Revlon Super Lustrous Lipstick

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NYX Professional Matte Lipstick

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Maybelline New York Color Sensational Lipstick

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Milani Color Statement Lipstick

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Almay Smart Shade Butter Kiss Lipstick

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Wet n Wild Megalast Catsuit Matte Liquid Lipstick

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Madame Gabriela Red Lipstick

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Fenty Beauty by Rihanna

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Maki Yika Burgundy Red Lipstick

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ILIA – Color Block Lipstick

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13 Best Red Lipsticks for Dark Skin for Charismatic Lip Looks

  • 1BEST OVERALL Revlon Super Lustrous Lipsticks BUY ON AMAZON

It wouldn’t be right if you don’t show your love to this best red lipstick for dark skin lovelies by Revlon. The high-impact lipstick color is an iconic formula and is popular among beauty enthusiasts. It feels so comfortable that you won’t take it off. Thanks to vitamin E and avocado oil, the formula nourishes and moisturizes lips while leaving a super lustrous shine. Each stroke gives you a powerful lip look to make a bold style statement.


  • Sheer finish
  • Rich pigment
  • Creamy texture
  • Doesn’t weigh down
  • Best for combination skin


  • Mere hints of red, not absolute red



BEST NON-DRYING FORMULANYX Professional Matte Lipstick


This NYX Professional’s OG red shade lipstick is a cult favorite as the color is dynamic. You can effortlessly doll your lips in a bright, rich pigment that never feels dry. This red lipstick for dark skin tones comes with a matte finish and is perfect for ladies who prefer vibrant and not-so-dewy lip looks. The bold lipstick goes on smoothly without hindrance to sculpt your cupids perfectly. This unapologetic hue will let you win every event and opportunity, be it a job, business meeting, or date.


  • Smooth formula
  • Perfect shade
  • Keeps lips moist
  • Cruelty-free Formula
  • stays in place


  • Some may find the shade orange or pink on their skin



BEST MATTE FINISHMaybelline New York Color Sensational Lipstick


A satin red lipstick is what you need to begin your slay game. The Maybelline New York lipstick is designed with special pigments that revive dull lips within the blink of an eye. This dark-skin-red lipstick leaves a stunning and sensational color with every use. Your cupids will never feel dry as the formula is made with honey nectar that offers maximum hydration and moisturization. The unique pointed bullet-shaped tip ensures precise gliding on the curves for a flawless look.


  • For normal skin type
  • Matte, satin finish
  • Great stay power
  • Budget-friendly
  • Aligns with neutral and pink undertone


  • Melts if not stored in cool place



MOST COMFORTABLEMilani Color Statement Lipstick


Milani knows what your lips need. The brand offers a wide range of lipstick colors for women of all ages and skin tones that last all day. And this best red lipstick for brown skin is no different. Whether you’re traveling on a hot sunny day or planning to attend a summer concert, the perfect shade won’t fade away easily, even on your toughest days. The infused vitamins make the nourishing so you can achieve healthy lips throughout the day. Amp up your confidence by wearing this bold lipstick and attract eyeballs.


  • Creamy formula
  • Suits brown skin tone
  • PETA-certified
  • Comfortable wear
  • Versatile lipstick color


  • Might be drying for some



BEST GLOSSY RED LIPSTICKAlmay Smart Shade Butter Kiss Lipstick


For those biased toward glossy, radiant red lipsticks, here comes a great deal for them. The Almay bright red lipstick for dark skin tones is available in a gel format and provides full to medium coverage with a shiny finish. It’s perfect for on-the-go touchups and preps you for different occasions without frustration. Whether it’s a girl’s night party or an evening date, quality lipstick lets you achieve sassy looks anytime, anywhere. Carry this formula in your handbag, and get ready to dazzle.


  • Hydrating formula
  • Hypoallergenic
  • Dermatologist tested
  • Glossy finish
  • Includes a protective case


  • Needs frequent reapplications



BEST LIGHTWEIGHTWet n Wild Megalast Catsuit Matte Liquid Lipstick


The Wet n Wild lipstick accentuates your beauty. The liquid deep red lipstick for dark skin is perfect for creating some serious lip styles right from the comfort of your home. You can’t resist using this highly pigmented formula as it fulfills your dream of getting into the spotlight. The ultra-precise liquid promises high performance and offers intense pigmentation. You can never doubt its potential. The formula doesn’t dry your lips and locks hydration for a fuller and thicker lip appearance.


  • Lightweight
  • Vivid color
  • Long-lasting
  • Comfortable wear
  • Includes a brush applicator


  • All may not like the shade



BEST MOISTURIZINGMadame Gabriela Red Lipstick


Madame Gabriela knows what it needs to prepare for a fashion runway. A red lipstick!! The clean, moisturizing natural lipstick is a true classic that aligns with all skin tones and puts your best face forward. It’s a blend of unique ingredients, such as manuka honey, shea butter, avocado, sunflower, and rosemary oils. These natural stuff exhibit antioxidant properties to heal chapped and damaged lips. Our analysis of the product shows that the formulation is easy to apply and adheres to the lips for long hours.


  • Satin finish
  • Sulfate-free High lipstick
  • color payoff
  • Moisturizing formula
  • No gluten or artificial scent added


  • Expensive



BEST LONG-LASTINGFenty Beauty by Rihanna


Rihanna loves dazzling in a bright red lip look. And if you too want to be a showstopper like her, this dark red lipstick for dark skin tone by Fenty Beauty needs to be in your makeup collection. The sensational lip color keeps your slay game on throughout the day. The rich pigment perfectly fills the gaps and offers a pro-like finish in a few strokes. Wear it once and forget reapplication, this Stunna Lip Paint won’t feather and stay kissable smooth.


  • 12-hour long-wear
  • Soft and precise brush
  • Weightless
  • Cruelty-free
  • Matte finish


  • Expensive



BEST KISSPROOFMaki Yika Burgundy Red Lipstick


Allow us to introduce this Maki Yaki red lipstick. The burgundy gothic lipstick color lets you stand out from the crowd. It’s perfect for achieving bold lip styles and expressing your style. Maki Yaki matte red lipstick for dark skin is a long-lasting formula that stays for up to 24 hours without transferring. You can sip coffee or eat your favorite eatables without fearing sticking and fading. The formula is so lightweight and creamy that you won’t feel you have applied anything. The bold lipstick goes on seamlessly without pulling or skipping. 


  • Kissproof
  • Water-resistant
  • Smudgeproof
  • Easy to apply
  • High-coverage lip color


  • Takes time to dry



BEST HYDRATINGILIA – Color Block Lipstick


ILIA – Color Block Lipstick is a supreme, high-impact lip color ready to take you to the next level. The true red formula is handcrafted with lush ingredients like organic castor oil that hydrate and nourish your lips with utmost care. You’ll get four times the intensity than conventional concoctions with a creamy finish. To achieve perfect red lips for dark skin tones, ILIA is your go-to partner. The long-wear lip tint adds an instant boost of color and hydrates lips for all-day dewy looks.


  • Vegan
  • Plumps lips
  • Boosts elasticity
  • Dermatologist-tested
  • Non-comedogenic


  • Might transfer


11Fifth & Skin Better’n Ur Lips


Pamper dry lips with a moisturizing lipstick color enriched with organic butter, essential plant oils, and botanical extracts. The berry red is a bright red hue with a blue base. The botanical-rich formula features the goodness of vitamins and antioxidants that protect lips from free radical damage. This best matte red lipstick for dark skin is ideal for everyday use that you’d love to wear for evening events and meets or chit-chat catch-ups with your BFF.


  • Lead-free
  • Non-GMO product
  • Soothing scent
  • Paraben-free
  • Contains 85% organic ingredients


  • Requires multiple applications


12Hanlady Red Lipstick


Celebrate your beauty or express your fashion sense and creativity with a new-age red shade of lipstick. This Hanlady’s red lipstick on dark skin tone runs precisely while sculpting your lips like a pro. You can design any look in minutes for any occasion. No more effort is needed, please! Just glide the creamy formula and unlock your true beauty. This pigmented red liquid comes with a matte finish and a smudge-free feature. The magical concoction locks in color and looks fresh from AM to PM.


  • Vegan
  • Non-transfer formula
  • 16-hour long-wear
  • Not tested on animals
  • Offers full-coverage color


  • Some people might not like the shade


13Miescher Red Matte Lipstick Tube


The Miescher red lipstick will blow your mind. The 2-in-1 formula is a high quality lipstick cum face paint stick that promises you vivid color effects. Infused with plant-based ingredients, the gentle formula sits well on the lip contours without irritating the skin. It’s one of the best red lipsticks for dark skin that comes with a silky oily cream-like texture to ensure smooth and accurate glides. You can easily mix this facial painting stick with other bright hues to draw a stunning art effect. Based on our observations, the stick is strong and won’t break in the middle.


  • Fast-drying lipstick
  • Easy to remove
  • Travel-friendly
  • Unique stick design
  • Non-greasy


  • Not a perfect shade for all

Keeping red lipstick in your makeup collection prepares you for ready-to-go styling looks. We hope you have found our top recommendations for the best red lipsticks for dark skin useful. Let’s go through our user guide below which will aid you in finding the best formula.


How to Pick a Red Lipstick for Dark Skin Tone?

Here are a few points to look for while choosing a red lipstick for dark skin women. 


Choose a lipstick made with natural ingredients like honey nectar, vitamins, essential oils, etc. Such quality lipsticks provide a vibrant hue while keeping lips healthy. Avoid formulas infused with parabens, sulfates, gluten, etc., that may irritate the skin and lead to dryness and flakiness.  


The best red lipstick for dark skin can come with different finishes, from matte to creamy, glossy, satin, and sheer. You can try any finish as per your preference. However, you may want to apply a gloss with matte lipsticks to add a subtle dewiness. Or, you may mix lipsticks of different shades and finishes to create custom looks.  


Knowing your undertones while purchasing red lipstick for darker skin can help you choose the right red shade. Skin undertone refers to the original color of your skin that remains permanent. It doesn’t change, unlike your top skin tone or color. Typically, there are 3 types of undertones- warm, cool, and neutral. Warmer undertones denote hues of golden, yellow, peachy, and similar undertones. Colors like oranges and brick-toned reds look great on warm undertone dark skin women. Cooler undertones are identified with pink, blue, and red hues. Lipstick shades like wine red, maroon, burgundy, etc., are the best for this undertone type. Neutral undertones are a blend of warm and cool undertones. Folks with neutral undertones may pick any shade of red. 
Now that you’ve understood how to pick the best red lipsticks for dark skin tone, let’s learn how to test different shades of red.

Which Red Shade Will Look Good on You?

There’s a wide spectrum of red hues which includes multiple colors, from deep and dark red to wine red, burgundy, and more. The secret to knowing which red shade will enhance your beauty lies in the undertones. Here’s how you can determine the shade. 

Red lipsticks for warm and neutral undertones 

Women with warmer undertones complimented by dark complexion can try different bold red shades without fearing looking too overwhelming. Colors like brick-toned reds, orange-reds, etc., align with your deep skin tone and undertone perfectly. People with a neutral undertone can play with intense colors of the red spectrum. 

Red lipsticks for cool undertones

The best red lipstick for black skin that has a blue base is best suited for individuals with cool skin tones with dark skin tones. Hues like maroon, purple, chocolate brown-reds, wine reds, etc., are ideal for deep complexion individuals. These people must avoid lipsticks with a white base as they make lips appear ashy. 

After choosing your dream red lipstick shade, here are some tips you can follow to apply it correctly.

Tips to Apply the Best Red Lipstick for Dark Skin Tone

Follow the given tips to learn how to create perfect red lip looks.

Exfoliate your lips

Start with exfoliating your lips. Remove accumulated buildup and dead skin cells to a ensure smooth application. You can use a soft toothbrush or lip scrub to exfoliate the skin. 

Use a moisturizing lip balm

Don’t forget to apply a moisturizing lip balm before dolling your lips in a rich, creamy red lipstick color. This will create a sleek and smooth canvas to facilitate easy lipstick gliding. 

Apply your favorite red shade

After choosing your favorite red shade, glide the lipstick on your lips. Begin from the center and run to the edges to cover the corners. Finish your look with a lipliner to create highlighting effects. 


The best red lipsticks for dark skin are cult classics that are perfect for achieving flawless lip looks throughout the year. Be it summer, winter, or autumn, the shade is super versatile and compliments well with skin complexion with any outfit. Reds add a subtle glam to your overall looks and prep you for all occasions. Besides leaving a vibrant, classy hue, the products mentioned above moisturize and nourish lips to improve lip health. While choosing a red lipstick, look for a few factors like ingredients, finish, and undertone, to find the best pick.

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The Beauty of Flowers: Nature’s Masterpiece




The Beauty of Flowers: Nature's

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Discover the enchanting world of flowers. Explore their vibrant colors, diverse species, and the many ways they captivate our senses. Learn about the significance of flowers in culture and nature.

Imagine a world without flowers. It would be a world devoid of color, fragrance, and natural beauty. Flowers are not just plants; they are nature’s poetry in bloom. In this comprehensive article, we will take you on a journey through the mesmerizing realm of flowers, from their botanical intricacies to their cultural symbolism.

Flower: A Marvel of Nature

Flowers are the reproductive structures of angiosperms, the most diverse group of land plants. They come in an astonishing array of shapes, sizes, and colors. These botanical marvels serve a crucial role in the plant kingdom by facilitating pollination, ultimately leading to the production of seeds and the continuation of plant species.

The Anatomy of a Flower

To truly appreciate flowers, let’s delve into their anatomy. A typical flower consists of several parts:

1. Petals

Petals are the colorful, often scented, leaf-like structures that surround the reproductive organs of the flower. They serve to attract pollinators such as bees, butterflies, and birds.

2. Stamens

Stamens are the male reproductive organs of a flower, comprising the filament and anther. The anther contains pollen, which is crucial for fertilization.

3. Pistil

The pistil is the female reproductive organ, consisting of the stigma, style, and ovary. It receives pollen and facilitates fertilization, leading to seed formation.

4. Sepals

Sepals are green, leaf-like structures that protect the developing flower bud. They play a role in maintaining the flower’s integrity.

The Language of Flowers

Throughout history, flowers have conveyed messages and emotions. This phenomenon, known as floriography, was particularly popular during the Victorian era. Different flowers symbolize various sentiments:

  • Roses: The quintessential symbol of love and passion.
  • Daffodils: Representing new beginnings and hope.
  • Lilies: Signifying purity and virtue.
  • Tulips: Often associated with perfect love.

Cultural Significance

Flowers hold immense cultural significance across the globe. Here are some examples:

1. Weddings

Flowers are an integral part of weddings, symbolizing love, happiness, and new beginnings. From bouquets to centerpieces, they adorn every aspect of the ceremony.

2. Funerals

In many cultures, flowers are offered as a mark of respect and to convey condolences. Lilies and chrysanthemums are common choices for such occasions.

3. Festivals

Numerous festivals, like the Cherry Blossom Festival in Japan and the Rose Parade in the United States, celebrate the beauty of specific flowers.

The World of Edible Flowers

Did you know that many flowers are not only visually appealing but also edible? These blossoms can add a unique touch to your culinary creations. Some popular edible flowers include pansies, nasturtiums, and violets. However, always ensure that the flowers you consume are safe and pesticide-free.

Flowers in Medicine

Flowers have not only aesthetic but also medicinal value. For centuries, various cultures have used flowers and their extracts for healing purposes. For instance, lavender is known for its calming properties, while calendula is used for its anti-inflammatory effects.

FAQs about Flowers

Q: Can I grow flowers indoors? A: Yes, many flowers can thrive indoors if provided with the right conditions, including sufficient sunlight and proper care.

Q: Which flower symbolizes friendship? A: The yellow rose is a classic symbol of friendship and joy.

Q: Are there any endangered flower species? A: Yes, several flower species are endangered due to habitat loss and over-harvesting. Conservation efforts are underway to protect them.

Q: How can I make cut flowers last longer in a vase? A: To extend the life of cut flowers, change the water regularly, trim the stems, and avoid placing them in direct sunlight or near heat sources.

Q: What’s the world’s largest flower? A: The Rafflesia arnoldii, native to Southeast Asia, holds the title of the world’s largest flower. It can reach up to three feet in diameter.

Q: Do all flowers have a scent? A: No, not all flowers are fragrant. Some are prized for their appearance alone.

In Conclusion

Flowers are more than just botanical wonders; they are a source of inspiration, a means of expression, and a testament to the intricate beauty of the natural world. Whether they are adorning our gardens, accompanying us on life’s significant moments, or simply brightening our day, flowers continue to enchant and uplift us. Embrace the beauty of flowers and let them remind you of the vibrant tapestry of life

Flowers in Art and Literature

Flowers have long been a muse for artists and writers alike. From the intricate floral motifs in ancient tapestries to the vivid descriptions of gardens in classic literature, flowers have played a prominent role in creative expression.

Famous Floral Artworks

  • Sunflowers by Vincent van Gogh: This iconic series of paintings captures the beauty and vitality of sunflowers, symbolizing the artist’s passion and optimism.
  • Water Lilies by Claude Monet: Monet’s water lily series is a testament to his fascination with the interplay of light and nature. These paintings transport viewers to the serene world of his garden.

Literary References

  • Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll: In this beloved classic, Alice encounters a garden of talking flowers, each with its distinct personality and quirks, adding whimsy and charm to the story.
  • The Secret Garden by Frances Hodgson Burnett: The novel’s hidden, neglected garden symbolizes the transformative power of nature and renewal.

The Science of Flower Colors

Have you ever wondered why flowers come in such a dazzling array of colors? The pigments responsible for these vibrant hues are anthocyanins, carotenoids, and chlorophyll.

  • Anthocyanins: These water-soluble pigments produce colors ranging from red and purple to blue. They are responsible for the striking crimson of roses and the rich purples of violets.
  • Carotenoids: Carotenoids create yellow and orange shades. You can thank carotenoids for the sunny brilliance of daffodils and marigolds.
  • Chlorophyll: Though primarily associated with leaves, chlorophyll can also lend a green tint to certain flowers, like green orchids.

The Fragrance of Flowers

The captivating scent of flowers has the power to transport us to different times and places. Fragrance is a vital part of a flower’s reproductive strategy, as it attracts pollinators. Here are a few iconic scents:

  • Lavender: Known for its calming properties, lavender’s sweet, herbaceous scent is a favorite in perfumes and aromatherapy.
  • Roses: The classic fragrance of roses is often described as sweet and romantic. Rose essential oil is highly prized in the perfume industry.
  • Jasmine: With its heady, exotic aroma, jasmine is a key ingredient in many traditional perfumes and teas.

The World’s Most Unique Flowers

Nature never ceases to amaze with its diversity. Here are some of the world’s most unique and rare flowers:

  • Corpse Flower (Amorphophallus titanum): This enormous flower is infamous for its putrid odor, akin to rotting flesh, designed to attract carrion beetles and flies for pollination.
  • Ghost Orchid (Dendrophylax lindenii): Native to Florida, this orchid is nearly invisible when not in bloom, with ghostly, translucent petals.
  • Carrion Flower (Stapelia gigantea): Much like the corpse flower, this succulent blooms with a scent reminiscent of rotting flesh, drawing in flies for pollination.

Flowers and Mental Well-being

The presence of flowers can have a remarkable impact on our mental and emotional well-being. Studies have shown that exposure to flowers can:

  • Reduce Stress: Simply being around flowers has been linked to lower stress levels and increased feelings of calmness.
  • Boost Mood: The vibrant colors and pleasing scents of flowers can elevate mood and promote a sense of happiness.
  • Enhance Creativity: Flowers can stimulate creativity and problem-solving abilities.


Flowers are not just ornaments in nature’s garden; they are an intricate part of our lives, offering beauty, symbolism, and a connection to the natural world. Whether you’re a gardener, an artist, a scientist, or simply someone who appreciates the simple joy of a fresh bouquet, flowers touch our lives in profound ways. So, take a moment to stop and smell the flowers, and let their beauty brighten your day.

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The Skin Benefits of Multani Mitti Clay, Plus 6 DIY Recipes




The Skin Benefits of Multani Mitti Clay, Plus 6 DIY Recipes

Every morning, I always found a small cup on my grandmother’s kitchen counter with a smooth mixture of brownish clay, milk, and turmeric. After the morning hustle and bustle subsided, she’d apply it to her face, wait for 10 minutes, and rinse it off.

It was a ritual she followed religiously, claiming it was the secret to her smooth and glowing skin.

I often wondered what the clay was, and it was only much later that I realized that it was Multani mitti.

Also called fuller’s earth or mud of Multan, this ingredient has been used by homemakers like my grandmother and mother as well as skin experts for decades.

It’s also a staple ingredient in herbal formulations, Ayurvedic beauty treatments, and ubtans — Ayurvedic treatments to cleanse and detox the body often used before traditional Indian weddings.

Whether it’s a tried-and-true skin care regimen, how often you wash your hair, or the cosmetics you’re curious about, beauty is personal.

That’s why we rely on a diverse group of writers, educators, and other experts to share their tips on everything from the way product application varies to the best sheet mask for your individual needs.

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What is Multani mitti?

Multani mitti is a mineral-rich clay-like substance that gets its name from its city of origin, Multan in modern day Pakistan. With a texture that’s much finer than clay and with a higher water content, Multani mitti is known for decolorizing oil and other liquids without harsh adverse reactions.

It’s composed of hydrated aluminum silicates and is rich in magnesium chloride and calcium bentonite, a composition similar to bentonite clay. It’s found in a large range of natural colors like brown, green, and white.

Multani mitti is known as fuller’s earth in English for its historic use by textile workers known as “fullers.”

Fuller’s earth was popularly mined in the state of Multan and exported to other regions of the Indian subcontinent. Thus, it came to be known as Multani Mitti,” says Jatin Gujrati, founder of Ayurvedic lifestyle brand Vedix. “Princesses and affluent women in Indian history always had a stash of Multani mitti along with sandalwood paste and gram flour, which they used for beauty treatments.”

A prime destination on the silk route, traders brought home Multan’s clay-like soil, and women used it extensively on their skin and hair at that time.

During World War II, fuller’s earth was mixed with water and applied to feet to reduce inflammation.

Multani mitti benefits

Multani mitti or fuller’s earth is used as a natural cleanser and astringent, offering a host of benefits for the skin, including:

  • reducing oil
  • fighting acne
  • balancing and brightening skin tone
  • reducing pigmentation

Oily skin

According to Rinky Kapoor, cosmetic dermatologist and surgeon at The Esthetic Clinic, Multani mitti contains mattifying properties that balance skin oils and remove impurities.

It’s especially beneficial for oily skin, as it helps open up clogged pores and absorbs excess sebum from the skin.

According to one study, Multani mitti removes dirt and absorbs excess oil.


According toVaishali Sawant, assistant medical director of Vedicure Healthcare and Wellness, Multani mitti is effective at treating acne. It does this by:

  • removing sweat, impurities, and dead skin cells
  • eliminating blackheads and whiteheads
  • controlling excessive oil production
  • shrinking the appearance of pores
  • cooling the skin
  • soothing irritation caused by inflammation

“The magnesium chloride in fuller’s earth is a magic anti-acne worker,” says Kapoor.

Skin tone and brightening

According to research, Multani mitti increases the cleanliness of the skin by removing dead skin cells from the surface, which results in:

  • increased retention of nutrients and moisture
  • improved circulation
  • a tightening effect
  • an exfoliating effect

These benefits provide a rejuvenated, glowing look.


Multani mitti helps fight dark circles and sun damage due to its cooling effect on the skin.

“It gives you an even skin tone, tackles tanning and pigmentation, and is effective against sunburn, skin rashes, and infections,” adds Sawant.

How to use Multani mitti

Multani mitti can be used in multiple ways as a beauty treatment, including:

  • face pack
  • face mask
  • spot treatment
  • exfoliant

Face pack

In India, tightening face masks are often referred to as face packs. Multani mitti makes a great face pack and can be combined with other ingredients to suit different skin types.

It has both a cooling and tightening effect, helps reduce lines, wrinkles, and pigmentation while cleansing the skin.

You can try products like Reshma Beauty Fuller’s Earth Face Mask.

Spot treatment

Because of its oil-absorbing properties, Multani mitti makes a great spot treatment.

You can use a bit of a face mask or mix Multani mitti powder with water and dab it on pimples to dry them up and reduce redness.

In India, it’s popularly mixed with neem when used as a spot treatment.

Face mask

Multani mitti can be mixed with other ingredients to create a moisturizing and brightening face mask. Common ingredients include:

  • papaya
  • turmeric
  • aloe vera
  • egg whites
  • tomato pulp
  • yogurt
  • honey
  • avocado
  • lemon

These ingredients can help add moisture or brightness to the skin.


Multani mitti is very effective in removing dead cells from the surface of the skin.

Use it as a gentle scrub by mixing it with orange peel powder or powdered oats.

DIY recipes

Want to give Multani mitti a try? The recipes below have you covered.

Simple face pack

For this face pack, you can use your favorite high fat milk if you have combination skin. Rose water works best for dehydrated skin.


  • 1/4 cup high fat milk of choice or rose water
  • 1 tbsp. multani mitti powder


  1. Mix one tbsp. of Multani mitti with 1/4 cup milk or rose water
  2. Apply to a clean, dry face.
  3. Leave on for 10 minutes.
  4. Rinse with lukewarm water and pat dry.

Recipe courtesy of Manasi Shirolikar, head dermatologist at Remedico.

Spot treatment

This quick and easy spot treatment helps dry up acne fast.


  • 1 tsp. food-grade sandalwood powder
  • 1/4 tsp. turmeric powder
  • 1 tbsp. Multanni mitti powder
  • 2 tbsp. water


  1. Mix sandalwood, turmeric, and Multani mitti powder with water until you get a thick paste.
  2. Apply directly to acne pimples and let dry. You can also leave it on overnight.
  3. Rinse with lukewarm water and pat dry.

Recipe courtesy Jatin Gujrati of Vedix.

Cooling face mask

This simple face mask is moisturizing, brightening, and cleansing.


  • 1 tsp. sandalwood powder
  • 1 tbsp. Multani mitti powder
  • 2 tsp. coconut water
  • 2 tsp. high fat milk of choice


  1. Mix the powders and liquids together.
  2. Spread paste on clean, dry skin.
  3. Leave on for 10 minutes.
  4. Rinse with lukewarm water and pat dry.

Recipe courtesy Jeeshant Khan, formulations scientist at I am Love.

Exfoliating papaya mask

This exfoliating mask features the skin benefits of antioxidant-rich papaya.


  • 1 tbsp. Multani mitti powder
  • 1 tbsp. papaya pulp


  1. Mix ingredients to create a paste.
  2. Apply to a clean, dry face.
  3. Allow to dry completely.
  4. Wash off with lukewarm water and pat dry.

Recipe courtesy Sushant Shetty of Kaya Limited.

Moisturizing mask

For skin types that need extra moisture, mix your Multani mitti with equal parts aloe vera gel. Make sure it’s food-grade and has no additives.


  • 1 tbsp. Multani mitti
  • 1 tbsp. aloe vera gel


  1. Mix ingredients.
  2. Apply to clean, dry face.
  3. Leave for 10 minutes.
  4. Wash off with lukewarm water and pat dry.

Lemon exfoliant

This simple exfoliant blend can help slough off dead skin cells and brighten with lemon.


  • 1 tbsp. Multani mitti
  • 1 tsp. glycerine
  • 1/4 tsp. lemon juice
  • 1/2 tsp. rose water


  1. Mix ingredients to form a paste.
  2. Gently massage onto clean, dry skin in a circular motion.
  3. Rinse with lukewarm water and pat dry.

Lemon and other citrus fruits may cause skin irritation for some people. You shouldn’t use lemon if you know you’re going to be out in the sun, as doing so can increase your risk of sunburn and other side effects. Always do a patch test before you use lemon in your skin care routine.

When not to use Multani Mitti

People with highly sensitive or dry skin should avoid using Multani mitti. Because it absorbs oil, Multani mitti can leave your skin feeling thirsty.

If you have sensitive skin, it may lead to redness or irritation.

Always do a patch test to rule out sensitivity and allergy before using any new product.

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